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Poor Richard's Almanack 


ALMANACK /. .'. by 


Selections from the apothegms and 

proverbs, with a brief sketch 

of the life of Benjamin 


Published by 


Copyright, 1914 





Opposite historic Old South Church in 
Boston, on January 6, 1706, was born 
Benjamin Franklin. 

Benjamin was the fifteenth child of 
Josiah Franklin, whose occupation was 
that of tallow-chandler or candle-maker. 
Business was not prosperous, and the 
Franklin family was reared in very hum- 
ble circumstances. 

As a child, Benjamin hungered for 
books and knowledge. During the two 
years that his father was able to send him 
to school, he showed remarkable aptitude 
and industry, and rapidly outdistanced 
his fellow pupils. 

The first book which Franklin read was 
Bunyan's "Pilgrim's Progress". By trad- 
ing and borrowing, he managed to secure 
other volumes. His passion for reading 
was so intense that he attracted the at- 
tention of a kind-hearted Boston mer- 
chant, who gave the boy access to his 
well-stocked library. Franklin read only 
books which could add to his education, 
and read them with a thoroughness that 
extracted every bit of useful knowledge. 

After leaving school, Franklin was ap- 
prenticed to his brother James in the 


printing trade. His wage was very small 
and he had to live most frugally. 

James started a newspaper, and Ben- 
jamin set type and distributed the sheets. 
One day, he anonymously contributed 
some verses and apothegms and was 
overjoyed to find them accepted and pub- 

When his brother discovered that he 
was the contributor, an altercation broke 
out between the two, due principally to 
the ill temper of James. The quarrel was 
finally the cause of Benjamin's leaving 
Boston and going to Philadelphia. 

In Philadelphia, Franklin obtained 
work with Keimer, a printer. His lodg- 
ings were found at the house of Mr. Read, 
with whose pretty daughter, Deborah, he 
promptly fell in love. Mrs. Read, how- 
ever, counselled the two to postpone the 
marriage until Franklin should earn suffi- 
cient to maintain his own household. He 
was but eighteen years old at this time. 

Sir William Keith, governor of the 
province of Pennsylvania, became ac- 
quainted with Franklin and offered to set 
him up in the printing business. Frank- 
lin, of course, accepted. At Keith's sug- 
gestion, he sailed to England to purchase 
an up-to-date outfit. Arrived there, he 
found that Keith was without credit. His 


beautiful plans went for naught and he 
was stranded in England without funds 
or prospects. It took him several years 
to work his way back to America. 

When he returned, the first news to 
greet Franklin was the marriage of De- 
borah Read to another man. 

At 22 years of age, Franklin had not 
made much progress toward the goal of 
his ambition. But nothing daunted, he 
applied himself with greater industry, 
greater self-sacrifice and greater perse- 
verance. He kept plugging away at his 
trade of printer, and entered into busi- 
ness ventures with other men, all of 
which proved rapid failures. Finally, he 
struck out for himself. Coincidently, De- 
borah Read's husband died and Franklin 
took her to wife. 

The young couple had to live on close 
margin for a few years. When Franklin 
was 27 years of age, he evolved the idea 
which opened the road to fame and for- 
tune. This was Poor Richard's Alma- 
nack. The first number had a tremendous 
sale. His homely, trite, common-sense 
sayings achieved wide popularity and 
each succeeding issue found more sub- 
scribers than its predecessor. The general 
recognition and respect gained for Frank- 
lin through the Almanack gave him the 


opportunity to enter public life. This 
sphere of activity was greatly to his lik- 
ing. He held important offices and intro- 
duced many splendid reforms into the 
municipal government. 

Franklin's pet project was an efficient 
institution of learning. When he was 37 
years old, his plans materialized into the 
founding of an academy from which has 
grown the great University of Pennsyl- 

The scientists of Europe were at this 
time becoming aware of a mysterious 
force which they named electricity. Mus- 
schenbroeck, a German, came forth with 
the discovery of the Ley den jar. Frank- 
lin immediately devoted himself to a 
study of electricity. The subject proved 
to interesting, so full of possibilities that 
he sold out his printing business in order 
to devote his entire effort to the new 
field. His business, started on nothing, 
brought the handsome price of $90,000. 

When Franklin declared his belief that 
electricity and lightning were identical, 
the whole world laughed. He then made 
his famous kite test, and proved his the- 
ory. This demonstration gained world 
recognition for him as a scientist and won 
him many honors. 

The colonies were now passing 
through the turbulent period preceding 


the Revolutionary War. Franklin was a 
foremost figure in public life, and became 
the commissioner of the colonies to Eng- 

The first cause for provocation on the 
part of the colonies was the Stamp Act, 
which imposed an enormous tax on deeds, 
college degrees and printed matter. Eng- 
land sought to meet the expenses of the 
French-Indian war by this tax. Frank- 
lin's efficient representation and effective 
pleading secured its repeal in 1766. 

However, one year later, Parliament 
enacted a more obnoxious bill, placing a 
heavy duty on tea, glass and other com- 
modities. Then it was that certain indig- 
nant citizens of Boston held their Boston 
Tea Party and brought upon the heads of 
the community the ill-considered, hateful 
Boston Port Bill. The city was virtually 
put in a state of seizure by the British 
under General Gage. 

This final action precipitated the crisis, 
and the Revolutionary War was on. Gage 
made his disastrous march to Concord 
and Lexington, and Bunker Hill ended in 
a triumph for American pluck. 

Although in favor of settling the dis- 
pute by arbitration, Franklin was as 
zealous a patriot as any. He was a mem- 
ber of the first Continental Congress, and 


helped frame the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence. Later he went to Paris as spe- 
cial envoy to France for the colonies. He 
was received with great acclaimation and 
was accorded many honors. His mission 
of enlisting France's aid in the struggle 
was completely successful. Helped by 
the money of France and by the valor of 
such men as Lafayette, the Revolution 

After an absence from America of nine 
years, Franklin returned. He was given a 
royal reception. Although 77 years old 
now, he still gave his country the best 
that was in him, until his death on April 
17, 1790. At his burial 20,000 persons 
gathered to do him respect and honor. 

Franklin's life has been called the most 
interesting and the most successful lived 
by any American. And the explanation 
is found in the rule that guided him 
throughout his career: To go straight 
forward in doing what appears to be 
right, leaving the consequences to Provi- 


1. A child thinks 20 shillings and 20 
years can scarce ever be spent. 

2. A cold April, the barn will fill. 

3. A countryman between two lawyers, 
is like a fish between two cats. 

4.* Act uprightly, and despise calumny; 
dirt may stick to a mud wall, but not 
to polish'd marble. 

5. A cypher and humility make the 
other figures and virtues of tenfold 

6. A false friend and a shadow attend 
only while the sun shines. 

7* A father's a treasure ; a brother's a 
comfort ; a friend is both. 

8. A fat kitchen, a lean will. 

9. A fine genius in his own country, is 
like gold in the mine. 

10. A flatterer never seems absurd : The 
flatter'd always takes his word. 

11.* After three days men grow weary of 
a wench, a guest, and weather rainy. 

12. After crosses and losses men grow 
humbler and wiser. 


13. A full belly is the mother of all evil. 

14. A full belly makes a dull brain. 

15. A good example is the best sermon. 

16. A good lawyer, a bad neighbor. 

17. A good man is seldom uneasy, an ill 
one never easy. 

18. A house without woman and firelight, 
is like a body without soul or sprite. 

19. A lean award is better than a fat 

20. A learned blockhead is a greater 
blockhead than an ignorant one. 

21.* A lie stands on one leg, truth on 

22. A life of leisure, and a life of laziness, 
are two things. 

23. A light purse is a heavy curse. 

24. A little house well fill'd, a little field 
well till'd, and a little wife well will'd, 
are great riches. 

25. All blood is alike ancient. 

26. All mankind are beholden to him that 
is kind to the good. 

27.* All things are cheap to the saving, 
dear to the wasteful. 

28.* All things are easy to industry, all 
things difficult to sloth. 


29. All would live long, but none would 
be old. 

30. A long life may not be good enough, 
but a good life is long enough. 

"31. A man in a passion rides a mad horse. 

32. A man without a wife, is but a half a 

33. A man without ceremony has need of 
great merit in its place. 

34. Ambition often spends foolishly what 
avarice had wickedly collected. 

35. A mob's a monster; heads enough, 
but no brains. 

36. A modern wit is one of David's fools. 

37. An egg today is better than a hen to- 

38. An empty bag cannot stand upright. 

39.* A new truth is a truth, an old error 
is an error, though Clodpate won't al- 
low either. 

40. Anger and folly walk cheek by jole; 
repentance treads on both their heels. 

41. Anger is never without a reason, but 
seldom with a good one. 

42. Anger warms the invention, but over- 
heats the oven. 

43. An honest man will receive neither 
money nor praise, that is not his due. 


44. An hundred thieves cannot strip one 
naked man, especially if his skin's off. 

45. An ill wound, but not an ill name, 
may be healed. 

46. An innocent plowman is more worthy 
than a vicious prince. 

47.* Anoint a villian and he'll stab you; 
stab him, and he'll anoint you. 

48. An old man in a house is a good sign. 

49. An old young man will be a young 
old man. 

50. An ounce of wit that is bought, is 
worth a pound that is taught. 

51. An undutiful daughter, will prove an 
unmanageable wife. 

52. A pair of good ears will drain dry an 
hundred tongues. 

53. A plowman on his legs is higher than 

a gentleman on his knees. 

54. Approve not of him that commends 
all you say. 

55. A quarrelsome man has no good 

56. A quiet conscience sleeps in thunder. 

57.* Are you angry that others disappoint 
you? Remember you cannot depend 
upon yourself. 


58. As charms are nonsense, nonsense is 

a charm. 

59. Ask and have, is sometimes dear buy- 

60. A soft tongue may strike hard. 

61. As pride increases, fortune declines. 

62.* As sore places meet most rubs, proud 
folks meet most affronts. 

63. A temper to bear much, will have 

much to bear. 

64. A wicked hero will turn his back to 

an innocent coward. 

65. As we must account for every idle 
word, so we must for every idle 

66. At a great pennyworth, pause a 


67. A traveller should have a hog's nose, 
deer's legs, and an ass's back. 

68. At the working man's house hunger 

looks in but dares not enter. 

69.* At 20 years of age the will reigns ; at 
thirty the wit ; at 40 the judgment. 

70. Bad commentators spoil the best of 

71. Bad gains are truly losses. 


72. Bargaining has neither friends nor 


73. Be always ashamed to catch thyself 


74.* Be at war with your vices, at peace 
with your neighbors. 

75. Beauty and folly are old companions. 

'76. Being ignorant is not so much a 
shame, as being unwilling to learn. 

77. Ben beats his pate, and fancys wit 
will come ; but he may knock, there's 
nobody at home. 

78. Be not niggardly of what costs thee 
nothing, as courtesy, counsel, and 

79. Be slow in choosing a friend, slower 
in changing. 

80. Better is a little with content than 

much with contention. 

81. Better slip with foot than tongue. 

82. Beware, beware! He'll cheat without 
scruple, who can without fear. 

83. Beware of him that is slow to anger ; 
he is angry for something, and will 
not be pleased for nothing. 

84.* Beware of little expenses, a small 
leak will sink a great ship. 


85.* Beware of meat twice boil'd, and an 
old foe reconcil'd. 

86.* Beware of the young doctor and the 
old barber. 

87. Blame-all and praise-all are two block 

88. Blessed is he that expects nothing, 
for he shall never be disappointed. 

89. Buy what thou hast no need of; and 
e'er long thou shalt sell thy neces- 

90. By diligence and patience, the 

mouse bit in two the cable. 

91. Calamity and prosperity are the 
touchstones of integrity. 

92. Ceremony is not civility; nor civility 

93.* Changing countries or beds, cures 
neither a bad manager, nor a fever. 

94. Cheese and salt meat should be 
sparingly eat. 

95.* Children and princes will quarrel for 

96. Clean your finger, before you point 
at my spots. 

97. Clearly spoken, Mr. Fog! You ex- 
plain English by Greek. 


98.* Content and riches seldom meet to- 
gether. Riches take thou, content- 
ment I had rather. 

99. Content is the philosopher's stone, 
that turns all it touches into gold. 

100.* Content makes poor men rich; dis- 
content makes ric!i men poor. 

101. Courage would fight, but discretion 
won't let him. 

102. Creditors have better memories than 

103.* Cut the wings of your hens and 
hopes, lest they lead you a wary 
dance after them. 

104. Danger is sauce for prayers. 

105.* Dally not with other folks' women 
or money. 

106. Death takes no bribes. 

107. Declaiming against pride, is not al- 
ways a sign of humility. 

108.* Defer not thy well doing; be not 
like St. George, who is always on 
horseback, and never rides on. 

109. Deny self for self's sake. 

110.* Despair ruins some, presumption 


111.* Different sects like different clocks, 
may be all near the matter, though 
they don't quite agree. 

112. Diligence is the mother of good 

113.* Diligence overcomes difficulties, 
sloth makes them. 

114. Distrust and caution are the parents 
of security. 

115.* Do good to thy friend to keep him, 
to thy enemy to gain him. 

116.* Doing an injury puts you below 
your enemy; revenging one makes 
you but even with him ; forgiving, it 
sets you above him. 

117. Do not do that which you would not 
have known. 

118. Do me the favor to deny me at once. 

119.* Don't go to the doctor with every 
distemper, nor to the lawyer with 
every quarrel, nor to the pot for 
every thirst. 

120.* Don't judge of men's wealth or 
piety, by their Sunday appearances. 

121.* Don't misinform your doctor nor 
your lawyer. 

122. Don't overload gratitude; if you d> 
she'll kick. 


123. Don't think to hunt two hares with 
one dog. 

124. Don't throw stones at your neigh- 
bors, if your own windows are glass. 

125. Don't value a man for the quality he 
is of, but for the qualities he pos- 

126. Dost thou love life? Then do not 
squander time; for that's the stuff 
life is made of. 

127. Drink does not drown care, but 
waters it, and makes it grow faster. 

128.* Drink water ; put the money in your 
pocket, and leave the dry-bellyache 
in the punch-bowl. 

129. Drive thy business, or it will drive 

130.* Drunkenness, that worst of evils, 
makes some men fools, some beasts, 
some devils. 

131. Early to bed and early to rise, makes 
a man healthy, wealthy, and wise. 

132. Eat few suppers, and you'll need few 

133.* Eat to please thyself, but dress to 
please others. 

134. Employ thy time well, if thou mean- 
est to gain leisure. 


135. Ever since follies have pleased, foob 
have been able to divert. 

136.* Every man has assurance enough to 
boast of his honesty, few of their 

137. Experience keeps a dear school, yet 

fools will learn in no other. 

138. Eyes and priests bear no jests. 

139. Fear God, and your enemies will 
fear you. 

140.* Fear not death ; for the sooner we 
die, the longer shall we be im- 

141. Fear to do ill, and you need fear 
nought else. 

142.* Fine linen, girls and gold so bright, 
choose not to take by candle light. 

143.* Fish and visitors stink in three 

144. Fly pleasures and they'll follow you. 

145.* Fond pride of dress is sure an 
empty curse ; e'er fancy you consult, 
consult your purse. 

146. Fools make feasts, and wise men eat 

147. Fools multiply folly. 

148.* Fools need advice most, but wise 
men only are the better for it. 


149.* For age and want save while you 
may; no morning sun lasts a whole 

150. For one poor man there are an hun- 
dred indigent. 

151.* For want of a nail the shoe is lost; 
for want of a shoe, the horse is lost ; 
for want of a horse the rider is lost, 

152. Friendship cannot live with cere- 
mony, nor without civility. 

153. Friendship increases by visiting 
friends, but by visiting seldom. 

154. Full of courtesy, full of craft. 

155. Generous minds are all of kin. 

156. Genius without education is like sil- 
ver in the mine. 

157. Gifts burst rocks. 

158. Gifts much expected, are paid, not 

159.* Give me yesterday's bread, this 
day's flesh, and last year's cyder. 

160.* Glass, china, and reputation are 
easily crack'd, and never well 

161. God gives all things to industry. 

162. God heals, and the doctor takes the 


163. God helps them that help them- 

164. God, parents, and instructors, can 

never be requited. 

165. Good sense is a thing all need, few 
have, and none think they want. 

166. Good wives and good plantation* 
are made by good husbands. 

167. Grace thou thy house, and let not 
that grace thee. 

168. Graft good fruit all, or graft not at 

169. Great almsgiving, lessens no man's 

170.* Great estates may venture more; 
little boats must keep near shore. 

171. Great famine when wolves eat 

172. Great good-nature, without pru- 
dence, is a great misfortune. 

173.* Great merit is coy, as well as great 

174. Great modesty often hides great 

175. Great spenders are bad lenders. 

176. Great talkers, little doers. 

1 /. Great talkers should be cropt, for 
they've no need of ears. 


178. Half hospitality opens his door and 

shuts up his countenance. 

179. Half the truth is often a great lie. 

180. Half wits talk much but say little. 

181. Happy that Nation, fortunate that 

age, whose history is not diverting. 

182. Happy's the wooing that's not long 
a doing. 

183. Happy Tom Crump, ne'er sees his 

own hump. 

184. Haste makes waste. 

185. Harry Smatter, has a mouth for 

every matter. 

186. Have you somewhat to do to-mor- 
row; do it to-day. 

187. Having been poor is no shame, but 
being ashamed of it, is. 

188. Hear no ill of a friend, nor speak any 

of an enemy. 

189. Hear reason, or she'll make you feel 


190. He does not possess wealth, it pos- 

sesses him. 

191. He has chang'd his one ey'd horse 

for a blind one. 

192. He has lost his boots, but sav'd his 



193.* He is a governor that governs his 
passions, and he a servant that 
serves them. 

194. He is ill clothed, who is bare of 

195. He is no clown that drives the plow, 
but he that doth clownish things. 

196. He is not well bred, that cannot bear 
ill-breeding in others. 

197. Help, hands ; for I have no lands. 

198. He makes a foe, who makes a jest. 

199. Here comes the orator, with his 

flood of words, and his drop of rea- 

200. He's a fool that cannot conceal his 

201. He's a fool that makes his doctor his 

202. He's gone, and forgot nothing but 

to say farewell to his creditors. 

203. He's the best physician that knows 
the worthlessness of the most medi- 

204. He that best understands the world, 
least likes it. 

205.* He that builds before he counts the 
cost, acts foolishly; and he that 


counts before he builds, finds he did 
not count wisely. 

206. He that buys by the penny, main- 

tains not only himself, but other 

207. He that by the plow would thrive, 
himself must either hold or drive. 

208. He that can bear a reproof, and 

mend by it, if he is not wise, is in a 
fair way of being so. 

209. He that can compose himself, is 

wiser than he that composes books. 

210. He that can have patience can have 
what he will. 

211. He that cannot bear with other 
people's passions, cannot govern his 

212. He that cannot obey, cannot com- 

213. He that can take rest is greater than 

he that can take cities. 

214. He that can travel well afoot, keeps 
a good horse. 

215. He that doth what he should not, 
shall feel what he would not. 

216. He that drinks fast, pays slow. 

217. He that drinks his cyder alone, let 

him catch his horse alone. 


218. He that falls in love with himself, 

will have no rivals. 

219. He that goes far to marry, will 

either deceive or be deceived. 

220. He that has a trade, has an office of 
profit and honor. 

221. He that has not got a wife, is not 
yet a complete man. 

222. He that hath a trade, hath an estate. 

223. He that is of opinion money will do 

everything may well be suspected 
of doing everything for money. 

224.* He that is rich need not live spar- 
ingly, and he that can live sparing- 
ly, need not be rich. 

225. He that lies down with dogs, shall 
rise up with fleas. 

226. He that never eats too much, will 
never be lazy. 

227. He that pays for work before it's 
done, has but a penny-worth for 
two pence. 

228. He that pursues two hares at once, 
does not catch one and let t'other 

229. He that resolves to mend hereafter, 

resolves not to mend now. 


230. He that riseth late, must trot all day, 

and shall scarce overtake his busi- 
ness by night. 

231. He that scatters thorns, let him not 
go barefoot. 

232.* He that's content hath enough; he 
that complains has too much. 

233. He that sells upon trust, loses many 

friends, and always wants money. 

234. He that sows thorns, should never 
go barefoot. 

235. He that speaks ill of the mare, will 
buy her. 

236. He that speaks much, is much mis- 

237.* He that spills the rum loses that 
only; he that drinks it, often loses 
both that and himself. 

238. He that takes a wife, takes care. 

239. He that waits upon fortune, is never 

sure of a dinner. 

240. He that won't be counsell'd, can't be 


241. He that would catch fish, must ven- 

ture his bait. 

242. He that would have a short Lent, 
let him borrow money to be repaid 
at Easter. 


243. He that would live in peace and at 
ease, must not speak all he knows, 
nor judge all he sees. 

244. He that would rise at court, must 

begin by creeping. 

245. He that would travel much, should 

eat little. 

246. He who multiplies riches multiplies 


247.* He who buys had need have 100 
eyes, but one's enough for him that 
sells the stuff. 

248.* Hold your council before dinner; 
the full belly hates thinking as well 
as acting. 

249. Honors change manners. 

250. Honor thy father and mother, i. e., 

live so as to be an honor to them 
when they are dead. 

251.* Hope and a red rag, are baits for 
men and mackrel. 

252. Hope of gain lessens pain. 

253. How few there are who have cour- 
age enough to own their faults. 

254. Hunger is the best pickle. 

255. Hunger never saw bad bread. 

256. Idleness is the Dead Sea, that swal- 

lows all virtues. 


257. Idleness is the greatest prodigality. 

258. If it were not for the belly, the back 
might wear gold. 

259. If Jack's in love, he's no judge of 
Jill's beauty. 

260. If man could have half his wishes, 

he would double his troubles. 

261. If passion drives, let reason hold the 

262. If pride leads the van, beggary 

brings up the rear. 

263. If thou hast wit and learning, add to 
it wisdom and modesty. 

264. If thou injurest conscience, it will 

have its revenge on thee. 

265.* If thou would'st live long, live 
well ; for folly and wickedness 
shorten life. 

266. If wind blows on you thro' a hole, 

make your will and take care of 
your soul. 

267. If worldly goods cannot save me 

from death, they ought not to hin- 
der me to eternal life. 

268. If you'd be belov'd, make yourself 


269. If you desire many things, many 

things seem but a few. 


270. If you'd have a servant that you 
like, serve yourself. 

271.* If you'd have it done, go; if not, 

272. If you'd know the value of money, 
go and borrow some. 

273. If you'd lose a troublesome visitor, 

lend him money. 

274. If you do what you would not, you 

must hear what you would not. 

275. If you have no money in your pot, 

have some in your mouth. 

276. If you have time don't wait for time. 

277. If you know how to spend less than 

you get, you have the philisopher's 

278. If your head is wax, don't walk in 
the sun. 

279.* If you ride a horse, sit close and 
tight, if you ride a man, sit easy and 

280. If your riches are } r ours, why don't 

you take them with you to the 
other world? 

281. If you would be loved, love and be 

282. If you would be reveng'd of your 
enemy, govern yourself. 


283. If you would have guests merry 

with cheer, be so yourself, or so at 
least appear. 

284. If you would keep your secret from 

an enemy, tell it not to a friend. 

285. If you would not be forgotten as 

soon as you are dead and rotten, 
either write things worth reading, 
or do things worth writing. 

286. If you would reap praise you must 

sow the seeds, gentle words and 
useful deeds. 

287.* Ignorance leads men into a party, 
and shame keeps them from getting 
out again. 

288.* I have never seen the philosopher's 
stone that turns lead into gold, but 
I have known the pursuit of it turn 
a man's gold into lead. 

289.* Ill company is like a dog who dirts 
those most, that he loves best. 

290. Ill customs and bad advice are sel- 
dom forgotten. 

291.* "I'll warrant ye", goes before rash- 
ness; "Who'd-a-tho't" comes sneak- 
ing after. 

292.* Industry pays debts, despair in- 
creases them. 

293. In success be moderate. 


294. Interest which blinds some people, 

enlightens others. 

295. In the affairs of this world men are 

saved, not by faith, but by the want 
of it. 

296. I saw few die of hunger, of eat- 

ing 100,000. 

297. Is there anything men take more 

pains about than to render them- 
selves unhappy? 

298. It is better to take many injuries, 

than to give one. 

299.* It, is ill jesting with the joiner's 
tools, worse with the doctor's. 

300.* It is ill-manners to silence a fool, 
and cruelty to let him go on. 

301. It is not leisure that is not used. 

302.* It is wise not to seek a secret, and 
honest not to reveal it. 

303. It's common for men to give pre- 

tended reasons instead of one real 

304. It's the easiest thing in the world 

for a man to deceive himself. 

305. Jack Little sow'd little, and little 

he'll reap. 

306.* Keep flax from fire, youth from 


307.* Keep thou from the opportunity, 
and God will keep thee from the 

308. Keep thy shop, and thy shop will 
keep thee. 

309.* Keep your eyes wide open before 
marriage, half shut afterwards. 

310. Keep your mouth wet, feet dry. 

311.* Kings and bears often w.orry their 

312.* Kings have long arms, but mis- 
fortune longer ; let none think them- 
selves out of her reach. 

313. Late children, early orphans. 

314.* Laws like to cobwebs, catch small 
flies, great ones break through be- 
fore your eyes. 

315.* Laws too gentle are seldom 
obeyed; too severe, seldom ex- 

316. Laziness travels so slowly, that pov- 
erty soon overtakes him. 

317.* Learn of the skillful; he that 
teaches himself, hath a fool for his 

318. Lend money to an enemy, and 
thou'lt gain him, to a friend and 
thou'lt lose him. 


319.* Let all men know thee, but no man 
know thee thoroughly; men freely 
ford that see the shallows. 

320. Let every new year find you a better 


321. Let thy child's first lesson be obe- 

dience, and the second may be what 
thou wilt. 

322.* Let thy discontents be thy secrets; 
if the world knows them 'twill de- 
spise thee and increase them. 

323. Let thy maid-servant be faithful, 

strong, and homely. 

324. Let thy vices die before thee. 

325. Liberality is not giving much, but 
giving wisely. 

326. Light gains, heavy purses. 

327. Light heel'd mothers make leaden- 

heel'd daughters. 

328. Light purse, heavy heart. 

329. Little rogues easily become great 


330. Little strokes fell great oaks. 

331. Look before, or you'll find yourself 

332. Lost time is never found again. 

333. Love, and be loved. 


334.* Love, cough, and a smoke, can't 
well be hid. 

335.* Lover and Lordship hate com- 

336.* Lovers, travellers, am! poets will 
give money to be heard. 

337. Love well, whip well. 

338. Love your enemies, for they tell 
you your faults. 

339. Love your neighbor; yet don't pull 

down your hedge. 

340. Lying rides upon debt's back. 

341.* Mad kings and mad bulls, are not 
to be held by treaties and pack- 

342. Many a man's own tongue gives evi- 

dence against his understanding. 

343. Many a man would have been worse, 

if his estate had been better. 

344. Many a meal is lost for want of 


345. Many complain of their memory, 

few of their judgment. 

346. Many dishes, many diseases. 

347. Many estates are spent in the get- 


348. Many foxes grow grey, but few 
grow good. 

349. Many have quarrel'd about religion, 
that never practiced it. 

350. Many medicines, few cures. 

351. Many princes sin with David, but 

few repent with him. 

352. Many would live by their wits, but 
break for want of stock. 

353. Marry above thy match, and thou'lt 
get a master. 

354.* Marry your son when you will, but 
your daughter when you can. 

355. Mary's mouth costs her nothing, for 

she never opens it but at others ex- 

356. Meanness is the parent of insolence. 
357.* Men and melons are hard to know. 

358.* Men differ daily about things 
which are subject to sense, is it like- 
ly then they should agree about 
things invisible? 

359.* Men meet, mountains never. 

360. Men often mistake themselves, sel- 

dom forget themselves. 

361. Men take more pains to mask than 



362. Money and good manners make the 

363.* Money and man a mutual friend- 
ship show ; man makes false money, 
money makes man so. 

364. Most fools think they are only 

365. Most of the learning in use, is of no 
great use. 

366.* Most people return small favors, 
acknowledge middling ones, and re- 
pay great ones with ingratitude. 

367.* Much virtue in herbs, little in men. 

368. Necessity has no law; I know some 
attorneys of the same. 

369. Necessity has no law; Why? Be- 
cause, 'tis not to be had without 

370. Necessity never made a good bar- 

371. Ne'er take a wife till thou hast a 
house (and a fire) to put her in. 

372.* Neglect kills injuries, revenge in- 
creases them. 

373. Neglect mending a small fault, and 
'twill soon be a great one. 

374. Neither praise nor dispraise, till 
seven Christmasses be over. 


375. Never intreat a servant to dwell 
with thee. 

376.* Never praise your cyder, horse, or 
s bedfellow. 

377. Never spare the parson's wine, nor 

the baker's pudding. 

378. Nice eaters seldom meet with a good 

379. Nick's passions grow fat and hearty ; 
his understanding looks consump- 

380. Nine men in ten are suicides. 

381. No gains without pains. 

382. No man e'er was glorious who was 
not laborious. 

383. None are deceived but they that 

384.* None know the unfortunate, and 
the fortunate do not know them- 

385. None preaches better than the ant, 
and she says nothing. 

386. No resolution repenting hereafter, 

can be sincere. 

387.* Nor eye in a letter, nor hand in a 
purse, nor ear in the secret of an- 


388. Nothing but money is sweeter than 

389. Nothing drys sooner than a tear. 

390. Nothing humbler than ambition, 
when it is about to climb. 

391. Nothing more like a fool, than a 
drunken man. 

392. Nothing so popular as goodness. 

393. Now I've a sheep and a cow, every 
body bids me good morrow. 

394. No wood without bark. 

395.* No workman without tools, nor 
lawyer without fools, can live by 
their rules. 

396. Observe all men; thyself most. 

397. Observe old Vellum; he praises for- 

mer times, as if he'd a mind to sell 

398. Of learned fools I have seen ten 
times ten ; of unlearned wise men I 
have seen a hundred. 

399. O Lazy-bones ! Dost thou think God 
would have given thee arms and 
legs, if he had not design'd thou 
should'st use them. 

400. Old boys have their playthings as 
well as young ones; the difference 
is only in the price. 


401. Old young and old long. 

402.* One good, husband is worth two 
good wives; for the scarcer things 
are the more they're valued. 

403. One may be more cunning than an- 
other, but not more cunning than 
everybody else. 

404.* One mend-fault is worth two find- 
faults, but one find-fault is better 
than two make-faults. 

405. One to-day is worth two to-mor- 

406.* Onions can make ev'n heirs and 
widows weep. 

407.* Pain wastes the body; pleasures 
the understanding. 

408. Pardoning the bad, is injuring the 

409. Patience in market, is worth pounds 

in a year. 

410. Pay what you owe, and you'll know 
what's your own. 

411. Philosophy as well as foppery often 

changes fashion. 

412. Plough deep, while sluggards sleep. 

413. Pollio, who values nothing that's 
within, buys books as men hunt 
beavers, for their skin. 


414. Poor Dick eats like a well man, and 

drinks like a sick. 

415. Poor Plain Dealing! Dead without 


416.* Poverty, poetry, and new titles of 
honor, make men ridiculous. 

417.* Poverty wants some things, luxury 
many things, avarice all things. 

418. Praise to the undeserving is severe 

419. Pray, don't burn my house to roast 
your eggs. 

420. Prayers and provender hinder no 

421. Presumption first blinds a man, then 

sets him a running. 

422. Pretty and witty, will wound if they 
hit ye. 

423.* Pride and the gout are seldom cur'd 

424. Pride breakfasted with plenty, dined 
with poverty, supped with infamy. 

425. Pride dines upon vanity, sups on 

426. Pride is as loud a beggar as want, 
and a great deal more saucy. 


427. Pride gets into the coach, and shame 

mounts behind. 

428. Proclaim not all thou knowest, all 
thou owest, all thou hast, nor all 
thou canst. 

429. Prodigality of time, produces pov- 
erty of mind as well as of estate. 

430. Promises may get thee friends, but 
non-performance will turn them in- 
to enemies. 

431.* Proud modern learning despises 
the ancient. School-men are now 
laughed at by school-boys. 

432. Quarrels never could last long, if on 
one side only lay the wrong. 

433. Rather go to bed supperless, than 
run in debt for a breakfast. 

434.* Reading makes a full man, medita- 
tion a profound man, discourse a 
clear man. 

435. Read much, but not many books. 

436.* Retirement does not always secure 
virtue ; Lot was upright in the city, 
wicked in the mountain. 

437. Rob not for burnt offerings. 

438.* Rob not God, nor the poor, lest 
thou ruin thyself; the eagle 
snatched a coal from the altar, but 
it fired her nest. 


439. Samson with his strong body, had 

a weak head, or he would not have 
laid in a harlot's lap. 

440. Saying and doing have quarrel'd and 

441.* Search others for their virtues, thy- 
self for thy vices. 

442.* Sell not virtue to purchase wealth, 
nor liberty to purchase power. 

443.* Silence is not always a sign of 
wisdom, but babbling is ever a mark 
of folly. 

444. Silks and satins put out the kitchen 

445. Since thou art not sure of a minute, 

throw not away an hour. 

446.* Singularity in the right, hath 
ruined many; happy those who are 
convinced of the general opinion. 

447. Sleep without supping, and you'll 

rise without owing for it. 

448. Sloth and silence are a fool's vir- 

449.* Sloth (like rust) consumes faster 
than labor wears. The used key is 
always bright. 

450. Snowy winter, a plentiful harvest. 


451.* Some are justly laughed at for 
keeping their money foolishly, 
others for spending it idly ; he is the 
greatest fool that lays it out in a 
purchase of repentance. 

452. Some are weatherwise, some are 

453. Some make conscience of wearing a 
hat in the church, who make none 
of robbing the altar. 

454. Sorrow is good for nothing but sin. 

455. Spare and have is better than spend 
and crave. 

456.* Speak and speed; the close mouth 
catches no flies. 

457. Speak little, do much. 

458.* Speak with contempt of none, from 
slave to king; the meanest bee hath, 
and will use, a sting. 

459. Strange! that a man who has wit 

enough to write a satire, should 
have folly enough to publish it. 

460. Strange, that he who lives by shifts, 
can seldom shift himself. 

461.* Strive to be the greatest man in 
your country, and you may be dis- 
appointed ; strive to be the best, and 
you may succeed ; he may well win 
the race that runs by himself. 


462. Success has ruin'd many a man. 

463.* Sudden power is apt to be insolent, 
sudden liberty saucy; that behaves 
best which has grown gradually. 

464. Suspicion may be no fault, but 
showing it may be a great one. 

465.* Take counsel in wine, but resolve 
afterwards in water. 

466. Take courage, mortal; death can't 

banish thee out of the universe. 

467. Take heed of the vinegar of sweet 

wine, and the anger of good-nature. 

468. Take this remark from Richard, 
poor and lame, whatever is begun in 
anger, ends in shame. 

469.* Talking against religion is un- 
chaining a tiger; the beast let loose 
may worry his deliverer. 

470.* Tart words make no friends; a 
spoonful of honey will catch more 
flies than a gallon of s vinegar. 

471. Teach your child to hold his tongue, 
he'll learn fast enough to speak. 

472.* Tell a miser he's rich, and a woman 
she's old, you'll get no money of 
one, nor kindness of t'other. 

473. Tell me my faults, and mend your 


474. The absent are never without fault, 
nor the present without excuse. 

475.* The ancients tell us what is best, 
but we must learn of the moderns 
what is fittest. 

476. The bell calls others to church, but 

itself never minds the sermon. 

477. The bird that sits, is easily shot. 

478. The brave and the wise can both 
pity and excuse, when cowards and 
fools shew no mercy. 

479.* The busy man has few idle visitors ; 
to the boiling pot the flies come not. 

480. The cat in gloves catches no mice. 

481. The creditors are a superstitious 

sect, great observers of set days 
and times. 

482.* The cunning man steals a horse, the 
wise man lets him alone. 

493. The devil sweetens poison with 

484. The discontented man finds no easy 


485. The doors of wisdom are never shut. 

486. The end of passion is the beginning 

of repentance. 

487.* The excellency of hogs is fatness, of 
men virtue. 


488. The eye of a master, will do more 
work than his hand. 

489. The family of fools is ancient. 

490. The favor of tLe great is no in- 


491. The generous mind least regards 

money, and yet most feels the want 
of it. 

492. The golden age never was the pres- 

ent age. 

493. The good pay-master is lord of an- 

other man's purse. 

494. The good or ill hap of a good or ill 
life, is the good or ill choice of a 
good or ill wife. 

495.* The heart of the fool is in his 
mouth, but the mouth of the wise 
man is in his heart. 

496. The heathens when they dy'd, went 
to bed without a candle. 

497.* The honest man takes pains, and 
then enjoys pleasures; the knave 
takes pleasures, and then suffers 

498.* The honey is sweet, but the bee has 
a sting. 

499. The horse thinks one thing, and he 
that saddles him another. 


500. The idle man is the devil's hireling; 

whose livery is rags, whose diet and 
wages are famine and diseases. 

501. The king's cheese is half wasted in 

parings; but no matter, 'tis made 
of the people's milk. 

502. The learned fool writes his nonsense 

in better language than the un- 
learned ; but still 'tis nonsense. 

503.* The magistrate should obey the 
laws, the people should obey the 

504. The master's eye wil do more work 

than both his hands. 

505. The miser's cheese is wholesom'st. 

506. The most exquisite folly is made of 

wisdom spun too fine. 

507. The muses love the morning. 

508. The nearest way to come to glory, 

is to do that for conscience which 
we do for glory. 

509. The noblest question in the world is, 

what good may I do in it? 

510.* The old man has given all to his 
son ; O fool ! to undress thyself be- 
fore thou art going to bed. 

511.* The painful preacher, like a candle 
bright, consumes himself in giving 
others light. 


512. The poor have little, beggars none, 
the rich too much, enough not one. 

513.* The poor man must walk to get 
meat for his stomach, the rich man 
to get a stomach to his meat. 

514. The prodigal generally does more 
injustice than the covetous. 

515.* The proof of gold is fire; the proof 
of woman, gold; the proof of man, 
a woman. 

516. The proud hate pride in others. 

517. There are lazy minds as well as lazy 


518. There are no fools so troublesome as 

those that have wit. 

519.* There are no ugly loves, nor hand- 
some prisons. 

520. There are three faithful friends, an 
old wife, an old dog, and ready 

521.* There are three things extremely 
hard, steel, a diamond and to know 
one's self. 

522. There is neither honor nor gain got 

in dealing with a villian. 

523. There is no little enemy. 

524. There is no man so bad but he se- 

cretly respects the good. 


525. There is much difference between 

imitating a good man, and counter- 
feiting him. 

526. There's a time to wink as well as to 


527. There're many witty men whose 

brains can't fill their bellies. 

528. There's more old drunkards, than 

old doctors. 

529. There's none deceived but he that 


530. There's small revenge in words, but 

words may be greatly revenged. 

531. There was never a good knife made 

of bad steel. 

532. They who have nothing to trouble 

them, will be troubled at nothing. 

533.* The rivers and bad governments, 
the lightest things swim at top. 

534. The rotten apple spoils his com- 


535. The royal crown cures not the head- 

536. The same man cannot be both friend 

and flatterer. 

537. The sleeping fox catches no poultry. 

Up! up! 


538. The second vice is lying; the first is 

running in debt. 

539. The sting of a reproach is the truth 

of it. 

540. The sun never repents of the good 

he does, nor does he ever demand a 

541. The things which hurt, instruct. 

542. The tongue is ever turning to the 

aching tooth. 

543. The tongue offends, and the ears get 

the cuffing. 

544. The too obliging temper is evermore 

disobliging itself. 

545. The way to be safe, is never to be 


546.* The way to see by faith, is to shut 
the Eye of Reason. The morning 
daylight appears plainer when you 
put out your candle. 

547. The wise man draws more advan- 

tage from his enemies, than the fool 
from his friends. 

548. The worst wheel of the cart makes 

the most noise. 

549.* The wolf sheds his coat once a year, 
his disposition never. 


550.* Think of three things, whence you 
came, where you are going, and to 
whom you must account. 

551. Thirst after desert, not reward. 

552.* Tho' modesty is a virtue, bashful- 
ness is a vice. 

553. Those that have much business 

must have much pardon. 

554. Those who are fear'd, are hated. 

555. Those who in quarrels interpose, 

must often wipe a bloody nose. 

556. Tho' the mastiff be gentle, yet bite 

him not by the lip. 

557. Thou canst not joke an enemy into 

a friend; but thou may'st a friend 
into an enemy. 

558. Three good meals a day is bad liv- 


559. Three may keep a secret, if two of 

them are dead. 

560.* Three things are men most likely to 
be cheated in, a horse, a wig, and a 

561.* Tim and his handsaw are good in 
their place, tho' not fit for preaching 
or shaving a face. 

562. Time enough always proves little 


563. Time is an herb that cures all dis- 

564.* Tim was so learned, that he could 
name a horse in nine languages. So 
ignorant, that he bought a cow to 
ride on. 

565.* 'Tis against some men's principle to 
pay interest, and seems against 
others' interest to pay the principal. 

566. 'Tis a laudable ambition, that aims 

at being better than his neighbors. 

567. 'Tis a shame that your family is an 
honor to you ! You ought to be an 
honor to your family. 

568.* 'Tis a strange forest that has no 
rotten wood in it, and a strange kin- 
dred that all are good in it. 

569. 'Tis better leave for an enemy at 

one's d^ath, than beg of a friend in 
one's life. 

570. J Tis easier to build two chimneys, 

than maintain one in fuel. 

571. 'Tis easier to prevent bad habits 

tnan to break them. 

572. 'Tis easy to see, hard to foresee. 

573. 'Tis easier to suppress the first de- 

sire, than to satisfy all that follow 


574. 'Tis great confidence in a friend to 

tell him your faults, greater to tell 
him his. 

575. 'Tis hard (but glorious) to be poor 
and lionest. 

576.* 'Tis less discredit to abridge petty 
charges, than to stoop to petty get- 

577. Tis not a holiday that's not kept 

578. 'Tis a well spent penny that saves a 


579. To bear other people's afflictions, 

every one has courage enough, and 
to spare. 

580.* To be intimate with a foolish 
friend, is like going to bed with a 

581.* To be proud of knowledge, is to be 
blind with light; to be proud of 
virtue, is to poison yourself with 
the antidote. 

582. To-day is yesterday's pupil. 

583.* To err is human, to repent divine, to 
persist devilish. 

584. To lengthen thy life, lessen thy 


585. To-morrow every fault is to be 
amended ; but that to-morrow never 

586.* Tom, vain's your pains; they all 
will fail; ne'er was good arrow 
made of a sow's tail. 

587. Tongue double, brings trouble. 

588. Too much plenty makes mouth 


589. To whom thy secret thou dost tell, to 

him thy freedom thou dost sell. 

590. Tricks and treachery are the prac- 

tice of fools, that have not wit 
enough to be honest. 

591.* Trouble springs from idleness; toil 
from ease. 

592. Trust thyself, and another shall not 

betray thee. 

593. Two dry sticks will burn a green 


594.* Up, sluggard, and waste not life ; in 
the grave will be sleeping enough. 

595. Vain-glory flowereth, but beareth no 


596. Vanity backbites more than malice. 

597. Vice knows she's ugly, so puts on 
her mask. 


598. Virtue and a trade, are a child's best 

599. Virtue and happiness are mother 

and daughter. 

600.* Virtue may not always make a face 
handsome, but vice will certainly 
make it ugly. 

601.* Visits should be short, like a win- 
ter's day; lest you're too trouble- 
some hasten away. 

602.* Visit your aunt, but not every day ; 
and call at your brother's, but not 
every night. 

603. Want of care does us more damage 
than want of knowledge. 

604. Wars bring scars. 

605.* We are not so sensible of the great- 
est health as of the least sickness. 

606. Wealth is not his that has it, but his 

that enjoys it. 

607. Weighty questions ask for delib- 

erate answers. 

608. Welcome, mischief, if thou comest 


609. Well done is better than well said. 

610. Well done, is twice done. 

611. We may give advice, but we cannot 

give conduct. 


612.* What is a butterfly at best? He's 
but a caterpillar dressed, the gaudy 
fop's his picture just. 

613.* What's given shines, what's re- 
ceiv'd is rusty. 

614. What signifies knowing the names, 

if you know not the nature of 

615. What signifies your patience, if you 

can't find it when you want it. 

616.* What's proper is becoming; see the 
blacksmith with his white silk 

617. What you would seem to be, be 

618. When a friend deals with a friend, 

let the bargain be clear and well 
penn'd, that they may continue 
friends to the end. 

619.* When befriended, remember it; 
when you befriend, forget it. 

620.* When death puts out your flame, 
the snuff will tell, if we were wax 
or tallow by the smell. 

621. When knaves betray each other, one 
can scarce be blamed or the other 


622.* When knaves fall out, honest men 
get their goods; when priests dis- 
pute, we come at the truth. 

623. When out of favor, none know thee ; 

when in, thou dcst not know thy- 

624. When prosperity was well mounted, 

she let go the bridle, and soon came 
tumbling out of the saddle. 

625. When reason preaches, if you won't 
hear her, she'll box your ears. 

626. When there's more malice shown 

than matter, on Jie writer falls the 

627. When the well's dry, we know the 

worth of water. 

628. When the wine enters, out goes the 

629. When 'tis fair, be sure take your 
coat with you. 

630. When you're good to othere, you are 
best to yourself. 

631.* When you speak to a man, look on 
his eyes; when he speaks to thee, 
look on his mouth. 

632. When you taste honey, remember 


633. Where bread is wanting, all's to be 



634. Where good laws are, much people 
flock thither. 

635. Where sense is wanting, everything 

is wanting. 

636. Where there's no law, there's no 


637.* Where there is hunger, law is not 
regarded; and where law is not re- 
garded, there will be hunger. 

638. Where there's marriage without 
love, there will be love without 

639. Where yet was ever found the 

mother, who'd change her baby for 

640.* Wide will wear, but narrow will 

641.* Wink at small faults; remember 
thou hast great ones. 

642. Wish not so much to live long as to 

live well. 

643. Without justice courage is weak. 

644. With the old almanack and the old 
year, leave thy old vice, tho' ever so 

645. Who dainties love, shall beggars 



646. Who has deceived thee so oft as 

647. Who is powerful? He that governs 

his passions. 

648. Who is rich ? He that is content. 

649. Who is rich? He that rejoices in 

his portion. 

650. Who is strong? He that can con- 

quer his bad habits. 

651. Who is wise? He that learns from 
every one. 

652. Who judges best of a man, his 

enemies or himself? 

653. Who knows a fool, must know his 
brother; for one will recommend 

654. Willows are weak, but they bind the 


655. Wish a miser long life, and you wish 

him no good. 

656.* Women and wine, game and deceit, 
make the wealth small and the 
wants great. 

657. Words may show a man's wit, but 

actions his meaning. 

658. Would you live wiih ease, do what 
you ought, and not what you please. 


659. Would you persuade, speak of in- 
terest, not of reason. 

660.* Write injuries in dust, benefits in 

661.* Write with the learned, pronounce 
with the vulgar. 

662. Why does the blind man's wife paint 

663.* You can bear your own faults, and 
why not a fault in your wife. 

664. You may be too cunning for one,out 

not for all. 

665. You may delay, but time will not. 

666. You may give a man an office, but 

you cannot give him discretion. 

667. You may talk too much on the best 


668. You may sometimes be much in the 

wrong, in owning your being in the 

659.* Youth is pert and positive, age 
modest and doubting; so ears of 
corn when young and light, stand 
bolt upright, but hang their heads 
when weighty, full, and ripe. 

670.* You will be careful, if you are wise ; 
how you touch men's religion, or 
credit, or eyes. 

A star preceding a saying signifies that 
it is to be taken as expressing two distinct 
and different thoughts.